Under the law, all persons should be treated equal including but not limited to access to employment. The sad reality is that this is not always the case.
Persons with a disability are generally regarded as the non-contributing forces in the labor force but have you ever wondered just what percentage of the labor force do they constitute?
The United States Department of Labor has been conducting surveys among its residents regardless of sex, race, ethnicity, age, and disability status.
In 2017, about 19% of persons with disability were employed while about 66% of persons with no disability were employed. Based on the 2016 statistical data results, there was an increase in the employment rate for persons with disability alone.
Based on the 2017 statistical data, the persons with disability workforce comprised:
Higher Age Groups
Persons aged 65 and above comprised more than half of the employed population for persons with disability, which is significantly thrice than the non-disabled persons. This indicated that disabilities tended to manifest as the person grows older.
Higher Unemployment Rate
Persons with disability that were unemployed were significantly higher than the persons with no disabilities due to the difference in educational attainment.
As a means to earn a living, most persons with disabilities choose to take the self-employment path compared to persons with no disabilities.
Part Time Employment
Comparatively, only about 16% of the persons with no disabilities were employed part-time while about 33% of the persons with disabilities were employed part-time.
This would be due to the fact that the persons with disabilities would either have been unable to find a full-time job or their working hours were reduced.
As of June 2018, statistical data from the United States Department of Labor showed:
The labor force participation rate for persons with disability was 25.8% for ages 16-19 and 40.6% for ages 20-24.
Persons with no disability showed a labor force participation rate of 42.1% for ages 16-18 and 75.2% for ages 20-24.
On the other hand, for the unemployment rate, the persons with disability had a higher unemployment rate compared to persons with no disability.
More detailed information for the employment status of the persons with disabilities and persons with no disabilities are also available. Interested parties may contact the Southwest ADA Disability Legal Center.